Charitable Remainder to a Trust
A Trust is a legal document containing a formal agreement between parties in which one party grants or vests the ownership rights (title) to one or more trustees for the purposes of conservation, protection, or preservation on behalf of the first party or beneficiary of the trust. This instrument normally and usually states: The reasons and purposes as to why the trust was established and the actions that will terminate the trust, a detailed record of what assets are placed and present in the trust, the authority and boundaries of the said trustees, the reporting requirements of the trustees, and other provisions associated to the trust. It may also state the compensation that the trustees will be receiving, if there are any.
A Charitable Remainder to a Trust or CRT is an irrevocable trust which is able to generate a potential income stream for you, as the donor, or other beneficiaries, with the remainder of the assets going to your favorite charities. In simpler terms, It is a legal document which helps you make money and at the same time, helps you pay for living expenses. There are two types of charitable remainder trusts. First is the Charitable remainder annuity trusts or CRATs which distribute a fixed amount each year and state that no additional contributions are allowed. The second is the Charitable remainder unitrusts or CRUTs which distribute a fixed percentage and state that additional contributions are allowed. A charitable remainder trust works in this way: It makes a partially tax-deductible donation, You and other associated trustees receive an income stream, and after the death of the last incom trustee, the remaining CRT assets are strewn about the said charities.
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Charitable Remainder Trust
______________________________, referred to as the DONOR, herewith establishes a charitable remainder unitrust, within the meaning of Rev. Pro. 89-20 and section 664(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, and hereby creates the ______________________________ Charitable Remainder Unitrust; and designates _________________________ to act as the INITIAL TRUSTEE.
The DONOR transfers to the INITIAL TRUSTEE the following described property:
to be held strictly in trust for the purposes and under the terms and conditions set forth herein.
The trustee shall pay to a living individual (“recipient”) in each taxable year of the trust during the recipients life a unitrust amount equal to at least five percent of the net fair market value of the assets of the trust valued as of the first day of each taxable year of the trust (“valuation date”). The unitrust amount shall be paid in equal quarterly amounts from income and, to the extent that income is not sufficient, from the trust principal.
The trustee shall operate the trust in accordance with the laws of the state of ___________________. However, the trustee shall not exercise any power or discretion granted under such laws that would result in a disqualification of the trust under section 664(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.
The trustee shall not be precluded from investing trust assets in a manner possibly resulting in the annual realization of a reasonable amount of income or gain from the sale or disposition of assets.
In the event that the income exceeds the unitrust amount, the surplus shall be added to the principal of the trust.
If the net fair market value of the trust assets is incorrectly determined then within a reasonable time after the value is finally determined, then within a reasonable period after the value is finally determined for federal income tax purposes, the trustee shall:
In the event of an overpayment resulting from an overvaluation, collect the amount of the overpayment from the recipient;
In the event of an underpayment resulting from an undervaluation, pay the amount of the underpayment to the recipient.
In determining the unitrust amount, the trustee shall prorate the amount on a daily basis for a short taxable year and for the taxable year of the recipient’s death.
Upon the death of the recipient, the trustee shall distribute the corpus of the trust, inclusive of interest and principal, except for any amounts due to the recipient’s estate, to ______________________, (the charity). In the event that the charity is not an organization described in sections 170(c), 2055(a) and 2522(a) of the Internal Revenue Code at the time when any distributions are to be made to the Charity, the trustee shall distribute such principal and interest to any such organization, in trustee’s sole discretion.
The income of the trust for each taxable year shall be distributed at such time and in such manner as not to subject the trust to tax under section 4923 of the Internal Revenue Code. Except for the payment of the unitrust amount to the recipient, the trustee shall not engage in any act of self-dealing as defined in section 4941(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, and shall not make any taxable expenditures as defined in section 4945(d) of the Internal Revenue Code. The trustee shall not make any investments that jeopardize the charitable purpose of the trust, within the meaning of section 4944, Internal Revenue Code, or retain any excess business holdings, within the meaning of section 4943.
If any additional contributions are made to the trust after the initial contribution, the unitrust amount for the year in which the additional contribution is made shall be five percent of the sum of (a) the net fair market value of the trust assets as of the first day of the taxable years (excluding the assets so added and any income form, or appreciation and gain on such assets) and (b) the proportion of the value of the assets so added that was excluded under (a) that the number of days in the period that begins with the date of contribution and ends with the earlier of the last day of the taxable year or the recipient’s death bears to the number of days in the period that begins on the first day of such taxable year and ends with the earlier of the last day in such taxable year or the recipient’s death. In the case where there is no valuation date after the time of contribution, the assets so added shall be added at the time of contribution.
The donor reserves the right to dismiss the trustee and to appoint a successor.
The trust is irrevocable, however, the trustee shall have the power, acting alone, to amend the trust in any manner which is required for the sole purpose of continuation of the trust’s qualification as a charitable remainder unitrust within the meaning of section 664(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code.
The TRUSTEE herewith acknowledges receipt of the trust assets described above.
Charitable Remainder Trust
This review list is provided to inform you about this document in question and assist you in its preparation. This is a standard charitable remainder trust. You should add or delete items as appropriate.
1. Make multiple copies. Give one to each signatory. Keep one in your home safe. Keep one in the related transaction file.